Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
frost tolerant
shady gardens
small plants for small gardens
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
woodland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Poa meionectes

provincial pigmy poa, fine leaf tussock grass

small tussock grass with attractive seed heads
Poa_meionectes.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing and very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent seed heads (usually late winter) and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought and frost hardy
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourgreen light mauve seed heads maturing on burgundy stems
foliage colourbright green fine leaved
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting
recommended usesornamental grass ideal for landscaping or revegetation, best effect when mass planted and also suitable as edging or border plant for beds or paths

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
frost tolerant
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
alpine
woodland
grassland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Poa sieberiana

small blue tussock grass

small blue grey tussock forming grass with attractive rounded habit
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing and very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent seed heads (usually late winter) and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought and frost tolerant
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourpale green to purple seed heads
foliage colourgrey green with fine leaf blades
heightup to 0.4m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesattractive feature plant, ornamental grass ideal for landscaping and suitable as edging or border plant for beds or paths

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

ecosystem type

dryland
coastal hinterland
woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Themeda australis

kangaroo grass

densely tufted small perennial tussock forming grass with attractive seed heads
 
originaustralia wide
cultural notesfull sun or part shade, most soil conditions, likes dry conditions, will die back in frost, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent seed heads in late winter and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought conditions
flowering seasonspring to summer
flower colourbunches of nodding inflorescences on slender stems
foliage colourmid green with maroon flushes in the warmer months, somewhat flattened leafy shoots at the base of the plant
heightup to 0.4m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesornamental grass ideal for landscaping or revegetation and ideal for rockeries

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
frost tolerant
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

ecosystem type

dryland
coastal hinterland
woodland
grassland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Poa labillardieri

common tussock grass

large ornamental grass of usually moist areas below 1500 and indigenous to Australia, which forms large tussocks to 1m high and wide.
Poa_labillardieri.jpg
 
originnsw
cultural notesa robust plant which will thrive in full sun or part shade including growing well under Eucalyptus trees and either wet or dry conditions in a variety of soil types.
maintenanceclumps can be chopped back quite vigorously to encourage new growth
toleratesfrost and cold to about -7C
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourpale green with cream seed heads
foliage colourgrey-blue to dark green in winter & spring with fine narrow leaf blades. The clumps turn a pale straw colour in summer which can look quite dramatic
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing50cm apart for mass plantings
recommended usesIdeal for landscaping or revegetation projects. They appear quite spectacular and architectural when mass planted.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
flowers and showy seed heads
frost tolerant
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Poa poiformis

coast tussock grass

densely tufted perennial grass of coastal foreshores and estuaries
Poa_poiformis.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing and very hardy. Will grow in full sun or part shade and either wet or dry conditions in most soil types.
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove spent seed heads (usually late summer) and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought and frost
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourBears clusters of small green to yellow spikelets
foliage colourblue grey foliage with inflorescences bearing clusters of large green to purple spikelets which appear in spring and summer. The leaf blades are smooth on the outer surface
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing50cm apart for mass plantings and 1m apart for specimen plants
recommended usesfeature planting or revegetation projects.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Sporobolus creber

slender rat's tail grass

A tufted perennial grass growing to 1m in height. Slender, pale green grass-like foliage.
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers a sunny position in a range of well drained soils.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer
flower colourInflorescences are dark brown, maturing to deep gray on long green stems.
foliage colourCourse pale green foliage, slender.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesAn ornamental grass or native fodder crop.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

alpine
woodland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Poa fawcettiae

snow poa, horny snowgrass

An erect tufted perennial with stems to 60cm in height. Blue-green sharply pointed leaves and purplish seed heads in summer.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers drier soils in full sun or part shade. Naturally occurs in woodland and sub-alpine meadows between 1600 and 2000m.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and snow.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourGreenish-purple clustered seedheads.
foliage colourBlue-green rigid, pointed leaves to 1mm in width.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 0.6m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesAn attractrive grass for high altitude areas.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Imperata cylindrica 'rubra'

japanese blood grass

Erect perennial grass with crimson to burgundy coloured foliage and fluffy white seed seed heads to 20cm in length.
Imperata_cylindrica_rubra.jpg
 
originJapan
cultural notesPrefers moist well drained soils in a protected position in part shade.
maintenanceRemove any blades that revert to solid green.
toleratesModerately frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourSilvery white seed heads to 20cm in length.
foliage colourLeaves are green at the base fade into and bright crimson or burgundy at the tips.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesThe striking colour of the foliage makes this species great as an accent plant or in mass plantings, along borders or around water features.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Ophiopogen japonicus

mini green mondo

A small spreading grass with dark green foliage. White to pale pink flowers in summer followed by small blue berries.
Ophiopogen_japonicus.jpg
 
originJapan
cultural notesPrefers moist well drained soils in a sunny position.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourSmall white to pale pink lily like flowers held amongst the foliage on short stems.
foliage colourNarrow dark green, grass like foliage.
widthup to 0.1m
heightup to 0.1m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesOften used as a border plant around garden beds and paths or pavers. A useful plant for softening the hard edges of concrete, tiles, pavers and the like.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License KENPEI

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Ophiopogen japonicus 'Slender'

slender green mondo

A small spreading grass with slender dark green foliage. White to pale pink flowers in summer followed by small blue berries.
 
originJapan
cultural notesPrefers moist well drained soils in a sunny position.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourSmall white to pale pink lily like flowers held amongst the foliage on short stems.
foliage colourSlender dark green, grass like foliage.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesOften used as a border plant around garden beds and paths or pavers. A useful plant for softening the hard edges of concrete, tiles, pavers and the like.

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