Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
flowers and showy seed heads
frost tolerant
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Poa poiformis

coast tussock grass

densely tufted perennial grass of coastal foreshores and estuaries
Poa_poiformis.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing and very hardy. Will grow in full sun or part shade and either wet or dry conditions in most soil types.
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove spent seed heads (usually late summer) and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought and frost
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourBears clusters of small green to yellow spikelets
foliage colourblue grey foliage with inflorescences bearing clusters of large green to purple spikelets which appear in spring and summer. The leaf blades are smooth on the outer surface
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing50cm apart for mass plantings and 1m apart for specimen plants
recommended usesfeature planting or revegetation projects.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Sporobolus creber

slender rat's tail grass

A tufted perennial grass growing to 1m in height. Slender, pale green grass-like foliage.
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers a sunny position in a range of well drained soils.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer
flower colourInflorescences are dark brown, maturing to deep gray on long green stems.
foliage colourCourse pale green foliage, slender.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesAn ornamental grass or native fodder crop.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

alpine
woodland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Poa fawcettiae

snow poa, horny snowgrass

An erect tufted perennial with stems to 60cm in height. Blue-green sharply pointed leaves and purplish seed heads in summer.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers drier soils in full sun or part shade. Naturally occurs in woodland and sub-alpine meadows between 1600 and 2000m.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and snow.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourGreenish-purple clustered seedheads.
foliage colourBlue-green rigid, pointed leaves to 1mm in width.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 0.6m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesAn attractrive grass for high altitude areas.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
frost tolerant
shady gardens
small plants for small gardens
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
woodland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Poa meionectes

provincial pigmy poa, fine leaf tussock grass

small tussock grass with attractive seed heads
Poa_meionectes.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing and very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent seed heads (usually late winter) and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought and frost hardy
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourgreen light mauve seed heads maturing on burgundy stems
foliage colourbright green fine leaved
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting
recommended usesornamental grass ideal for landscaping or revegetation, best effect when mass planted and also suitable as edging or border plant for beds or paths

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
frost tolerant
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
alpine
woodland
grassland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Poa sieberiana

small blue tussock grass

small blue grey tussock forming grass with attractive rounded habit
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing and very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent seed heads (usually late winter) and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought and frost tolerant
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourpale green to purple seed heads
foliage colourgrey green with fine leaf blades
heightup to 0.4m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesattractive feature plant, ornamental grass ideal for landscaping and suitable as edging or border plant for beds or paths

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

ecosystem type

dryland
coastal hinterland
woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Themeda australis

kangaroo grass

densely tufted small perennial tussock forming grass with attractive seed heads
 
originaustralia wide
cultural notesfull sun or part shade, most soil conditions, likes dry conditions, will die back in frost, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent seed heads in late winter and to encourage new growth
toleratesdrought conditions
flowering seasonspring to summer
flower colourbunches of nodding inflorescences on slender stems
foliage colourmid green with maroon flushes in the warmer months, somewhat flattened leafy shoots at the base of the plant
heightup to 0.4m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesornamental grass ideal for landscaping or revegetation and ideal for rockeries

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
frost tolerant
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

ecosystem type

dryland
coastal hinterland
woodland
grassland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Poa labillardieri

common tussock grass

large ornamental grass of usually moist areas below 1500 and indigenous to Australia, which forms large tussocks to 1m high and wide.
Poa_labillardieri.jpg
 
originnsw
cultural notesa robust plant which will thrive in full sun or part shade including growing well under Eucalyptus trees and either wet or dry conditions in a variety of soil types.
maintenanceclumps can be chopped back quite vigorously to encourage new growth
toleratesfrost and cold to about -7C
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourpale green with cream seed heads
foliage colourgrey-blue to dark green in winter & spring with fine narrow leaf blades. The clumps turn a pale straw colour in summer which can look quite dramatic
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing50cm apart for mass plantings
recommended usesIdeal for landscaping or revegetation projects. They appear quite spectacular and architectural when mass planted.

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Imperata cylindrica

blady grass

An erect perennial grass with stems to 1m in height. Mottled pale green leaves with finely serrate margins. Dense fluffy cylindrical flowerheads to 20cm long in spring and summer.
Imperata_cylindrica.jpg
 
originAll Australian states. Other parts of Oceania and Asia.
cultural notesVery hardy, adapts to most well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceGreater flowering in response to fire or slashing.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourWhite fluffy cylindrical flower heads to 20cm in length. Does not always flower.
foliage colourPredominantly pale green, mottled with reddish brown. Finely serrate margins.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing20cm apart
recommended usesAttractive ornamental seed heads. Habitat for frogs and many small marsupials.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License W.A. Djatmiko

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

farm forestry and agriculture

ecosystem type

woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Microlaena stipoides

weeping grass

small tufted perennial grass suitable for trial use as native lawn
 
originaustralia wide
cultural notesfull sun or part shade, most soil conditions, dislikes overly hot/exposed areas, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned or mown as needed
toleratesshaded areas
flowering seasonspring to summer
flower coloursmall straw coloured drooping flower heads
foliage coloursmall bright green leaf blades
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing10cm apart at least
recommended useslawns or revegetation, mass planting and will thrive under grazing

plant type

native and ornamental grasses


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Ophiopogen japonicus 'Nigrens'

black mondo

A small spreading grass with black foliage. White to pale pink flowers in summer followed by small black berries.
Ophiopogen_japonicus_nigrens.jpg
 
originJapan
cultural notesPrefers moist well drained soils in a sunny position.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourSmall white to pale pink lily like flowers held amongst the foliage on short stems.
foliage colourNarrow black grass like foliage.
widthup to 0.3m
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesOften used as a border plant around garden beds and paths or pavers. A useful plant for softening the hard edges of concrete, tiles, pavers and the like.

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Corner Pialligo + Fairbairn Av
Pialligo   ACT   2609
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