Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
clay soils

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Lomandra longifolia 'lush green'

Spiny headed mat rush 'lush green'

Large perennial tussock grass with strong architectural shape. Forms dense tussocks of stiff, long flat leaves. Foliage on the 'Lush green' cultivar is a more vibrant green than on other varieties.
 
originNSW, Vic, Qld, WA, SA, Tas.
cultural notesFast growing, very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions.
maintenanceMay be pruned to reduce thatch and promote new growth.
toleratesHigh drought tolerance and frost hardy, damp conditions and occasional flooding.
flowering seasonSpring through to Summer
flower colourSmall clusters of cream to yellow perfumed bracts on flower spikes. The heavily scented nectar on flowers can attract pollinating beetles.
foliage colourTough narrow arching glossy green strap-like leaves 40-100cm long. Foliage on the 'Lush green' cultivar is a more vibrant green than on other varieties. The leaf bases are broad and the tips are prominantly toothed.
widthup to 1.2m
heightup to 0.8m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesSpecimen or mass planting, rockeries, indoor or outdoor container plant, often used in median strip or roadside plantings. The leaves provide a safe habitat for lizards and other small animals.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

ecosystem type

woodland
grassland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Juncus subsecundus

finger rush

Tufted perenial rush with long pointed wiry stems of blue-green to grey. Tufts grow to 1m in height and width.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, SA, Tas, WA.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of soils and climates. Prefers moist soils in full sun or part shade.
toleratesFrost and short periods of dryness.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourSmall straw coloured branched flowerheads occuring bellow the end of the stem.
foliage colourThe blue-green to grey stems are the most visible aspect of this plant. The leaves are reduced to a sheath at the base of the stem.
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesMoist areas of the garden, along drainage lines or near ponds or dams.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
clay soils

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland

Lomandra filiformis

Wattle mat rush

A compact perennial rush growing in sparse clumps to 50cm high by 20cm wide. Due to its sparser growth habit, the cream to yellow flowers are more prominent on this species than on other Lomandra species.
Lomandra_filiformis.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesA very hardy plant that will grow in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned periodically to remove tattered leaf ends.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourCream to yellow flowers occur on flower spikes to 30cm long. The female flowers are small globes reminiscent of some wattle flowers.
foliage colourNarrow pointed green to blue-green leaves, mostly erect, often with a slight twist.
widthup to 20m
heightup to 50m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesUseful for mass plantings and along borders or in rockeries. Suitable as a container plant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Kurt Stueber

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
butterfly attracting
clay soils
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
frost tolerant
shady gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Lomandra longifolia

spiny headed mat rush, honey reed, basket grass

large perennial tussock grass with strong architectural shape forms dense tussocks of stiff, long flat leaves
Lomandra_longifolia.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, wa, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing, very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions.
maintenancemay be pruned to remove thatch and promote new growth
tolerateshigh drought tolerance & frost hardy, damp conditions to occasional flooding
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower coloursmall clusters of cream to yellow perfumed bracts on flower spikes. The heavily scented nectar on flowers can attract pollinating beetles.
foliage colourtough narrow arching glossy green strap-like flat leaves 40-100cm long which grow from an underground stem and are usually taller than the flowering stem. The leaf bases are broad and their tips are prominently toothed.
heightup to 0.8m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesspecimen or mass planting, rockeries, container plant including for indoors, used in median strip and roadside planting, filler and background plant in home gardens, the leaves provide a safe habitat for lizards and other small animals.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal
wetland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Juncus krausii

sea rush

Rhizomatous perennial tussock grass inhabiting salt marshes and the edges of estuaries and other brackish or saltwater bodies.
 
originAll states.
cultural notesA hardy plant that prefers a sunny position in saline soils. Can be slow to recover after disturbance.
toleratessalt tolerant.
flowering seasonMost flowers will occur from November to March, but will commonly set some flowers year round.
flower colourDark brown to reddish-brown. Flowers occur in panicles at the same height or slightly above the foliage.
foliage colourDark green to golden brown sharp pointed leaves.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesA good pioneer regeneration species. Useful for stabilising banks in salt areas.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
clay soils
small plants for small gardens
suited to pots

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Lomandra confertifolia

Lomandra confertifolia

An dense tufted plant with slender foliage which can vary in colour from bright green to shades of blue, grey and even purple. There are five recognised subspecies of Lomandra confertifolia.
Lomandra_confertifolia.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesA hardy fast growing plant adaptable to most soils provided they are well drained. Prefers a sunny position but will tolerate some shade.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourCreamy white to yellow flower spikes, often hidden among the foliage.
foliage colourLeaves are slender and up to 70cm long. Foliage colour can vary from bright green to blue, grey and purple.
widthup to 1m
heightup to 0.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesOften used in mass planting or along borders. Also suitable as a container plant.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
clay soils
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

ecosystem type

woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Lomandra hysterix

Lomandra hysterix

Large tufting plant growing to a height and width of 1.5m. Leave are gracefully arching and usually a bright green.
Lomandra_hysterix.jpg
 
originNorth Eastern NSW, Qld.
cultural notesA hardy plant that will grow in full sun or heavy shade. Will tolerate a range of soils but requires ample moisture.
maintenanceCan be cut back if required.
toleratesToleratant of temporary innundation and moderate frosts.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourCream coloured, sweet smelling flowers are held on branched flower spike just behind the tips of the foliage.
foliage colourFoliage is usually bright green, but darker leaved versions can be seen.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesGood soil binder for steep banks. Suitable for mass plantings and borders. Arching foliage can be used to cover unsightly concrete edges. Suitable as an indoor container plant.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
clay soils
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
frost tolerant
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Ficinea nodosa

Knobby club rush

reed like tussock grass with upright form and strong architectural shape
Ficinea_nodosa.jpg
 
originact, nsw, victoria
cultural notestough, fast growing and very hardy. Will grow in full sun or part shade and either wet or dry conditions in most soil types.
maintenancemay be pruned annually to maintain upright structure
toleratesdrought & frost, and will also tolerate salty spray, waterlogged areas and saline soils.
flowering seasonspring to summer
flower colourbrown spherical head, 2cm from tip of leaf
foliage colourstrong linear foliage with bottle green, long tubular leaf blades
widthup to 0.7m
heightup to 1.5m
water depthedges and marshland
plant spacing50cm apart for mass planting
recommended usesornamental grass ideal planting around ponds and adds texture and colour to seaside gardens, water features. Also used in revegetation and suitable as edging or a border plant for beds or paths. Looks best when mass planted.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

wetland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Bolboschoenus fluviatilis

stream club rush

Rhizomatous perennial growing to 2.5m. Inflorescences open with several leaf like bracts.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesInhabits shallow fresh or brackish water. Grow in full sun.
maintenanceRequires consistant water.
toleratesFrost, brackish water and innundation.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourEach flower stem holds 6-9 branchlets, with each holding a cluster of 1-6 yellow-brown spikelets.
foliage colourMid green grass like foliage to 11mm in width. Foliage tends to brown off in winter in cooler areas.
heightup to 2.5m
water depthaquatic to 0.25m
plant spacing20cm apart
recommended usesExcellent for stabilsing banks on waterbodies and wetlands. Provides habitat for birds and frogs.

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal
wetland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Schoenoplectus validus

river club rush

A robust perennial wetland plant with course, erect stems and grass-like foliage. Grows to 2m in height.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, Tas, SA, WA.
cultural notesNaturally occurs at the edge of still or slow flowing water. Requires wet soils in full sun. Quick to establish after planting.
maintenanceRequires consistant water. Remove dead material if required.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourReddish brown flower spikelets in loose clusters.
foliage colourThe most visible part of this plant are the blue-green stems. The true leaves are grey-brown and papery, sheathing the stems at the base of the plant.
widthup to 1m
heightup to 2m
water depthedges and marshland
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesGood for preventing bank erosion, provides habitat for birds, attractive in ponds and water features.

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Corner Pialligo + Fairbairn Av
Pialligo   ACT   2609
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