Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

wetland plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal
wetland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Phragmites australis

common reed

tough reed, great for large pond/creek plantings
Phragmites_australis.jpg
 
originaustralia wide
cultural notesfull sun, boggy conditions, long lived, very hardy
maintenanceprune to remove dead material and to promote new growth
toleratesinundations and dry periods
flowering seasonspring
flower colourgreen to purplish-brown and silvery-white when mature
foliage colourgreen, with hairy clasps that join main stem.
heightup to 6m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesused for edging dams and waterways to help with bank stabilisation. Also provides habitat for water birds and can be used as a feature plant or for mass plantings

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal
wetland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Juncus krausii

sea rush

Rhizomatous perennial tussock grass inhabiting salt marshes and the edges of estuaries and other brackish or saltwater bodies.
 
originAll states.
cultural notesA hardy plant that prefers a sunny position in saline soils. Can be slow to recover after disturbance.
toleratessalt tolerant.
flowering seasonMost flowers will occur from November to March, but will commonly set some flowers year round.
flower colourDark brown to reddish-brown. Flowers occur in panicles at the same height or slightly above the foliage.
foliage colourDark green to golden brown sharp pointed leaves.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesA good pioneer regeneration species. Useful for stabilising banks in salt areas.

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella caerulea

Paroo lily

evergreen perennial with attractive star shaped purple flowers
Dianella_caerulea.jpg
 
originnsw, vic, qld, coastal areas
cultural notesfull sun, most soil conditions, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove spent flower heads
toleratesdrought conditions and damp areas
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourpurple star shaped flowers born on long flower spikes, followed by attractive purple berries
foliage colourgreen strap like leaves
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesornamental ideal for landscaping, excellent in rockeries, bird attracting berries

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
fire retardant
flowers and showy seed heads
shady gardens
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
alpine
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella tasmanica

Tasman flax lily

sculptural ornamental evergreen with arching strap-like leaves and attractive purple flower spikes
Dianella_tasmanica.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, wa, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing, very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions. Plants form dense tufts.
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent flower heads (usually late summer)
toleratesdrought & frost hardy, wet areas and windy sites
flowering seasonlate spring through to summer
flower colourpurple to dark blue star shaped flowers on long spikes followed by attractive blue berries
foliage colourdark green leaves with red highlights at base of stem, broad strap-like leaf blades
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesspecimen or mass planting, good understorey plant, bird attracting berries

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bush tucker
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella revoluta

black anther lily I blue flax lily I spreading flax lily

spreading evergreen with attractive purple flower spikes in spring
Dianella_revoluta.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, wa, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing, very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions. Tufted perennial which forms clumps to 1.5 in diameter
maintenanceremove old brown leaves to neaten
toleratesdrought & frost hardy, wet areas and windy sites
flowering seasonlate spring through to summer
flower colourdelicate flowers are mid to dark blue/violet with black anthers and appear in open clusters in Oct-Nov.(Dec-Jan). Flower stalks rise on wiry stems from foliage, frequently exceeding it in height. Attractive blue/purple berries persist months after flowers
foliage colourleathery, long and linear blue green leaves sometimes reddish at base of stem, broad strap-like leaf blades which can grow to 85cm long
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 2.5m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesprovides long periods of interest in gardens as a decorative specimen or in mass planting, good understorey plant adding texture , bird attracting berries, rockeries, or in a border

plant type

wetland plants
native flowers, groundcovers and climbers


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
flowers and showy seed heads
shady gardens
small plants for small gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
alpine
woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Chrysocephalum semipapposum

clustered everlasting

aromatic herb, attractive golden flowers
Chrysocephalum_semipapposum.jpg
 
originaustralia wide
cultural notesfull sun part shade, long lived, very hardy
maintenanceprune to remove spent flower heads and to thicken
toleratesfrosts and dry periods
flowering seasonspring to early summer
flower colourbright yellow compact clusters atop stems
foliage coloursilvery grey, small leaves often hairy
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesexcellent landscape plant for rockeries, mass plantings, pots or as a feature
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Melburnian

plant type

wetland plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland

ecosystem type

wetland

soil type and drainage

poor drainage

Crassula helmsii

swamp stone crop

Spreading perennial that inhabits the edges of stationary or slow flowing water. Occasionally found floating in water. Spreads by rooting from the nodes.
Crassula_helmsii.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic, SA, WA.
cultural notesAquatic or semi aquatic, requires consistant water. Grow in full sun.
maintenanceCan spread rapidly, should be cut back as neccesary to prevent unwanted spreading.
toleratesInnundation, frost, salt.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourSmall white flowers, sometimes tinged with red, occuring in the upper leaf axils.
foliage colourFoliage is made up of narrow succulent light green leaves, sometimes tinged with red.
heightup to 0.3m
water depthwetland margins
plant spacing10cm apart
recommended usesUseful for supressing weed at the edge of ponds and dams, frog habitat.

plant type

native sedges / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

wetland

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Carex appressa

tall sedge

tough densely tufted sedge
Carex_appressa.jpg
 
originnsw, qld, wa, sa, tas, vic, act
cultural notesfull sun, boggy conditions, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove old foliage
toleratesinundations and periodic dry periods
flowering seasonspring to autumn
flower colouryellow/green clustered on short flower
foliage colourmid green, rough texture
heightup to 1.2m
water depthwetland margins
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesornamental grass ideal for landscaping, provides habitat for water birds and useful for poolside plantings

plant type

native sedges / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

wetland

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Carex gaudichaudiana

tufted sedge

tough loosely tufted sedge, excellent ornamental feature in wetland plantings
 
originnsw, qld, wa, sa, tas, vic, act
cultural notesfull sun, boggy conditions, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove old foliage
toleratesinundations and periodic dry periods
flowering seasonspring to autumn
flower colourbrown clustered flower spikes
foliage colourdark green, rough textured and sharp edge leaf blades
heightup to 1m
water depthaquatic to 0.25m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesornamental sedge used in constructed wetlands and provides habitat for water birds. May be used for poolside plantings

plant type

native rushes / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal
wetland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
poor drainage

Schoenoplectus validus

river club rush

A robust perennial wetland plant with course, erect stems and grass-like foliage. Grows to 2m in height.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, Tas, SA, WA.
cultural notesNaturally occurs at the edge of still or slow flowing water. Requires wet soils in full sun. Quick to establish after planting.
maintenanceRequires consistant water. Remove dead material if required.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourReddish brown flower spikelets in loose clusters.
foliage colourThe most visible part of this plant are the blue-green stems. The true leaves are grey-brown and papery, sheathing the stems at the base of the plant.
widthup to 1m
heightup to 2m
water depthedges and marshland
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesGood for preventing bank erosion, provides habitat for birds, attractive in ponds and water features.

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