Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

coastal gardens
fire retardant
flowers and showy seed heads
suited to pots

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

woodland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Thelionoma grande

tufted blue lily

hardy evergreen perennial with strong sculptural foliage and attractive blue star shaped flowers
Thelionema_grande.jpg
 
originnsw, qld
cultural notesfull sun or part shade, most soil conditions, requires good drainage, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent flower heads in late summer
toleratesdrought conditions
flowering seasonlate spring to early summer
flower colourblue star shaped flowers born on tall flower spikes
foliage colourbroad greenish-blue strap like foliage
heightup to 1.2m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesornamental, ideal for feature plant, excellent in rockeries

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
reasonable drainage

Thelionoma caespitosum

blue grass lily

Tufted, clump forming perennial with long narrow blue-green foliage and blue star shaped flowers.
 
originEastern NSW, Qld, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesGrow in full sun or light shade, in moist soils.
maintenanceOlder leaves can die off and look unattractive, these should be removed.
toleratesFrost tolerant, will require watering in drought conditions.
flowering seasonSeptember to January
flower colourBlue star shaped flower on long branching stems held above the foliage.
foliage colourBlue-green narrow linear leaves, up to 30cm long. Can spread by underground rhizomes to form dense clumps.
widthup to 0.6m
heightup to 0.6m
plant spacing80cm apart
recommended usesOften used as an accent plant on rockeries for its foliage colour and spring flowers. Suitable for mass plantings or borders.

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bush tucker
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
flowers and showy seed heads
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
grassland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella longifolia

smooth flax lily

spreading evergreen with attractive purple flower spikes
Dianella_longifolia.jpg
 
originAustralia wide
cultural notesfull sun or part shade, most soil conditions, dry conditions, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove spent seed heads late summer)
toleratesdrought conditions, frost hardy
flowering seasonlate spring through to summer
flower colourpurple/dark blue star shaped flowers on long flower spikes, followed by attractive purple berries
foliage colourdark green, strap like leaf blades
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting
recommended usesornamental grass ideal for landscaping, rockeries, bird attracting berries

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
fire retardant
flowers and showy seed heads
shady gardens
suited to pots
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
alpine
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella tasmanica

Tasman flax lily

sculptural ornamental evergreen with arching strap-like leaves and attractive purple flower spikes
Dianella_tasmanica.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, wa, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing, very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions. Plants form dense tufts.
maintenancemay be pruned to remove spent flower heads (usually late summer)
toleratesdrought & frost hardy, wet areas and windy sites
flowering seasonlate spring through to summer
flower colourpurple to dark blue star shaped flowers on long spikes followed by attractive blue berries
foliage colourdark green leaves with red highlights at base of stem, broad strap-like leaf blades
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesspecimen or mass planting, good understorey plant, bird attracting berries

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella caerulea

Paroo lily

evergreen perennial with attractive star shaped purple flowers
Dianella_caerulea.jpg
 
originnsw, vic, qld, coastal areas
cultural notesfull sun, most soil conditions, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenancemay be pruned annually to remove spent flower heads
toleratesdrought conditions and damp areas
flowering seasonspring through to summer
flower colourpurple star shaped flowers born on long flower spikes, followed by attractive purple berries
foliage colourgreen strap like leaves
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesornamental ideal for landscaping, excellent in rockeries, bird attracting berries

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants
wetland plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bush tucker
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
wetland
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland
woodland
riparian

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Dianella revoluta

black anther lily I blue flax lily I spreading flax lily

spreading evergreen with attractive purple flower spikes in spring
Dianella_revoluta.jpg
 
originnsw, victoria, q'ld, wa, sa & tasmania
cultural notesfast growing, very hardy and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions. Tufted perennial which forms clumps to 1.5 in diameter
maintenanceremove old brown leaves to neaten
toleratesdrought & frost hardy, wet areas and windy sites
flowering seasonlate spring through to summer
flower colourdelicate flowers are mid to dark blue/violet with black anthers and appear in open clusters in Oct-Nov.(Dec-Jan). Flower stalks rise on wiry stems from foliage, frequently exceeding it in height. Attractive blue/purple berries persist months after flowers
foliage colourleathery, long and linear blue green leaves sometimes reddish at base of stem, broad strap-like leaf blades which can grow to 85cm long
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 2.5m
plant spacing30cm apart for mass planting or 50cm apart for specimen planting
recommended usesprovides long periods of interest in gardens as a decorative specimen or in mass planting, good understorey plant adding texture , bird attracting berries, rockeries, or in a border

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness





top ten

bush tucker
coastal gardens
fire retardant
flowers and showy seed heads
small plants for small gardens
suited to pots

project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
alpine

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Bulbine glauca

rock lily

blue foliage succulent with attractive yellow flowers
Bulbine_glauca.jpg
 
originnsw, vic, tas, qld
cultural notesfull sun, most soil conditions, requires adequate drainage and dry conditions, fast growing, long lived, very hardy
maintenanceold foliage and flower spikes may be removed
toleratesdrought conditions, frost hardy
flowering seasonspring to summer
flower colouryellow star shaped flowers on long flower spikes
foliage colourblue green succulent like foliage
heightup to 0.4m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesornamental feature plant, ideal for landscaping, rockeries and pots

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

ecosystem type

woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Ammobium alatum

Winged stemmed daisy

A hardy perennial with silvery green clumped foliage and abundant yellow and white flowers displayed prominantly in summer. The flower stems have a distinctive winged shape.
 
originNSW, Qld Tas, SA.
cultural notesA hardy plant, tolerant of most soils, requires full sun.
maintenanceAfter flowering the flower stems die back and can be unattractive. These should be removed.
toleratesFrost tolerant. Tolerant of dry conditions and poor soils.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourYellow, surrounded by papery white bracts. Displayed on long branched stems held above the foliage.
foliage colourLeaves are silver-green and form a clump.
widthup to 0.5m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesCan be used in garden beds for foliage colour and prominent flowers in summer. The flowers and floiage is sometimes used in cut flower arrangements.

plant type

native lilies / strappy leaf plants


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

ecosystem type

alpine
woodland
grassland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Acaena nova-zealandiae

bidgee widgee

A creeping perennial groundcover with vivid green leaves and spiny red seed heads held above the foliage.
 
originEastern NSW, Qld, Vic, Tas, SA, New Zealand, New Guinea.
cultural notesA hardy plant tolerant of poor soils provided they are well drained. They prefer full sun but will tolerate light shade.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and low nutrient soils.
flowering seasonOctober to January
flower colourThe flowers are greenish white in colour and form small balls held above the foliage on a long stalk. The flowers are followed by spiny red seed heads in late summmer.
foliage colourVivid green leaves with toothed margins.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 0.2m
plant spacing100cm apart A spreading groundcover that will root freely from leaf nodes.
recommended usesA hardy plant adaptable to a wide range of conditions. A good soil binder, it is useful for erosion control on steep banks.

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