Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Pittosporum undulatum

sweet pittosporum

A dense bushy tree growing to 14m with a domed crown spreading 7m. The leaves are glossy dark green with wavy, undulating margins. Cream bell-shaped flowers occur in profuse clusters in spring and summer.
Pittosporum_undulatum.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld, Vic, Tas.
cultural notesA hardy, adaptable tree that prefers moist, well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceThis species can self seed and tends to colonise an area if not restricted.
toleratesFrost tolerant, drought tolerant once established.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourFragrant flowers are cream in colour, bell-shaped and have 5 petals. They occur in profuse, fragrant clusters. The flowers are followed by small orange berries.
foliage colourThe mature leaves are glossy dark green with wavy or undulating margins and a hooked tip. The juvenile foliage is lighter in colour.
widthup to 7m
heightup to 14m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesUseful as a fast growing hedge or screen. This plant must be used with caution, it can become invasive and is an environmental weed in some parts of Australia.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Forest & Kim Starr

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
clay soils
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
frost tolerant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
kangaroo proof
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

ecosystem type

coastal
coastal hinterland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Westringia fruticosa

Coastal rosemary, native rosemary

attractive rounded shrub with small white flowers
Westringia_fruticosa.jpg
 
originnsw
cultural notesvery hardy, easy & fast growing and long lived. Will grow in full sun or part shade in most soil conditions
maintenancemay be pruned annually to shape. It will often form a regular dome shape with its lower branches covering the ground. Sometimes it will throw out one or two main branches to develop an irregular habit, but these can be pruned.
toleratesdrought, frost & salt spray
flowering seasonthroughout most of the year but mainly spring to summer
flower coloursmall (2cm) lightly scented white to palest mauve flowers with reddish & yellow brown spots near the throat. The shrub is never really smothered in blooms, but they are conspicuous against the dark green foliage most of the year, particularly in Nov.
foliage colourgrey to dark green foliage with a covering of short hairs on the young tip growth. The underside of leaves have a silvery tint which adds to its attractiveness. The leaves are up to 2cm long, narrow and pointed, set closely on whorls around the stem.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing200cm apart to 400cm specimen, 100-200cm hedging
recommended usesuseful specimen plant or for hedging & screening. Can also be shaped to form a more formal hedge. Will also make an indoor plant (in reasonably cool atmosphere) or excellent cut flowers as the long sprays can live well in water & open their buds for weeks
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Prostanthera lasianthos 'Badja Peak'

prostanthera 'Badja Peak'

A compact form of Prostanthera lasianthos. An open shrub growing to 2m in height and width. Leathery dark green leaves to 7cm in length on ascending branches. White to pale lavender flowers in dense clusters in spring and summer.
 
originCultivar.
cultural notesA fast growing and adaptable plant that prefers moist well drained soils in a partly shaded position.
maintenancePrune back after flowering to maintain dense habit.
toleratesFrost tolerant, moderately drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourThe flower are tubular, white to pale lavender in colour and occur in dense sprays.
foliage colourThe leaves are dark green and lance-shaped, growing to 10cm in length. They have a leathery texture and are aromatic.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing80cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive plant useful as a screen or informal hedge, along pathways or under larger plants.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens
frost tolerant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Westringia glabra

westringia glabra

An open shrub growing to 1m in height and width. Oval shaped dark green leaves in whorls of three or four. Blue-mauve to lilac coloured flowers occur from late winter through to summer
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesA hardy plant adaptable to most soils and preferring part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonLate Winter through Spring to Summer.
flower colourThe flowers are a pale blue-mauve in colour with dark red spoits in the throats.
foliage colourThe dark green leaves are oval to lance shaped and are arranged in whorls of three or four aroung the stem.
widthup to 1m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing30cm apart
recommended usesAttractive plant useful as a hedge or feature plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Prostanthera poorinda 'Ballerina'

prostanthera 'Ballerina'

A hybrid species with Prostanthera lasianthos as one of its parents. An upright shrub growing to 1.5m in height and width. Narrow, deep green aromatic leaves to 5cm and white flowers with yellow throats occuring in spring and summer.
 
originHybrid species.
cultural notesA fast growing and hardy plant that prefers a moist well drained position in part shade.
maintenanceShould be pruned after flowering to maintain shape and encourage new growth.
toleratesFrost tolerant, moderately drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourProfuse yellow-throated white flowers.
foliage colourThe leaves are dark green, narrow and elliptical in shape. In cold climates they will develop a purple tinge in winter. Highly aromatic when crushed.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing80cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive shrub, particularly when in flower. One of the hardier Prostanthera species. Good along paths where aroma is released when brushed against.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bush tucker
butterfly attracting
drought tolerant
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

ecosystem type

coastal hinterland
woodland

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Xanthorrhoea johnsonii

grass tree 'black boy'

striking advanced tree indigenous to Australia, ranging from 20cm to 1.6m. Usually single trunk which is typically black
Xanthorrhea_johnsonii.jpg
 
originact, nsw, sa, victoria & tasmania
cultural notesextremely slow growing but very hardy and long lived
maintenanceprune old grass fronds (skirt) to shape or neaten
toleratesdrought and frost hardy
flowering seasonperiodically flowers in spring or after fire but not every year. The flower is spear-like and bears small white blossoms with bird attracting nectar. May produce more than one spike.
flower coloursmall white blossoms with bird attracting nectar
foliage colourthin green strap-like leaves
widthup to 1.6m
heightup to 0.2m
plant spacing Depends on layout of garden, Different spacing causes different effects
recommended usesexcellent feature plant with bird attracting flowers

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Tristania laurina

water gum

Now known as Tristaniopsis laurina. A medium sized tree growing to 15m. Forms a dense cone shaped canopy of glossy dark green leaves, beginning quite low to the ground. Small but conspicuous yellow flowers are produced in summer.
Tristaniopsis_laurina.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesNaturally occuring in moist areas, along riverbanks and in rainforest openings, this species prefers moister soils and requires watering during dry periods. Will tolerate full sun but prefers some shade.
maintenanceRequires water during dry periods. Can be susceptible to scale.
toleratesTolerant of frost and damp conditions.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourClusters of small, nectar rich yellow flowers occur in the leaf axils.
foliage colourThe foliage is made up of glossy, deep green, lance-shaped leaves up to 10cm in length. In cold areas the leaves turn red in winter.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 15m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive tree for damp or shady areas. A good shade or street tree.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Philotheca myoporoides

long-leaf waxflower

Formerly Eriostemon myoporiodes. A dense shrub growing to a height and spread of 2m. Starry white flowers are produced in spring.
Philotheca_myoporoides.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesThrives in a range of climates from sub-tropical to cool-temperate. They prefer well drained soils in full sun or part shade. Dislikes root disturbance.
maintenanceCan be tip pruned to promote a bushy habit, however, if pruned too hard they can be slow to recover. Can be affected by scale.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourPink buds are followed by white 5 petalled, star shaped flowers.
foliage colourSmooth waxy leaves are narrow and dark green. They are variable in length to 8cm. Strongly aromatic when crushed.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesProfuse flowers make this a good feature plant. Also suited to containers or as a hedge.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ian Sutton

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
hedges, screens and windbreaks
small plants for small gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Westringia 'Glabra Cadabra'

westringia 'Glabra Cadabra'

A hybrid between Westringia glabra and Westringia fruiticosa. A dense bush to 1.5m in height and width with glossy dark green foliage. Small flowers occur in winter and spring.
 
originHybrid species.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of soils provided they are well drained. Prefers a sunny position.
maintenanceCan be lightly pruned as required.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourSmall violet flowers occuring in clusters.
foliage colourGlossy dark green leaves.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive hedge plant also suitable for containers.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Prostanthera cuneata

alpine mint bush

A compact shrub that naturally occurs in the alpine and sub-alpine regions of NSW and Victoria. It has a dense, rounded habit and grows to 1m in height and 1.5m in width. Dark green aromatic leaves and showy white to mauve flowers in summer.
Prostanthera_cuneata.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas.
cultural notesGrow in full sun or part shade in moist well drained soils.
maintenanceResponds well to tip pruning.
toleratesTolerant of frost and snow.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourThe flowers are white or pale mauve with purple spotted throats.
foliage colourThe foliage has a strong minty-eucalyptus smell when crushed. The leaves are a shiny dark green on top, paler underneath and wedge-shaped.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive shrub, particlarly when in flower, with a pleasant scent. Suitable as a container plant or in rockeries.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License color line

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Corner Pialligo + Fairbairn Av
Pialligo   ACT   2609
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