Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
butterfly attracting
clay soils
coastal gardens
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Leptospermum brevipes

Slender tea tree

A large spreading shrub with a pendulous habit, growing to 4m in height and 3m in width. White flowers, 12mm in diameter occur in spring and summer.
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesA very hardy and fast growing shrub adaptable to most soils and positions.
maintenanceCan be lighly pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and poor soils.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourProfuse white flowers to 1.2cm in width.
foliage colourSmall grey green leaves to 1cm in length.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 4m
plant spacing80cm apart
recommended usesUseful as a screen or informal hedge plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Grevillea poorinda 'Elegance'

grevillea poorinda 'Elegance'

A hybrid species with Grevillea juniperina and G. alpina X G. obtusifolia as its parents. A medium sized spreading shrub reaching 1.5m in height and 2m in width. Narrow elliptical leaves to 4cm in length and loose yellow flowers with pink styles.
 
originHybrid species.
cultural notesA hardy species that prefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned in Spring to maintain shape and make the flowers more prominent.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourLoose spider-like flowers, yellow with bright pink styles.
foliage colourLeaves are shiny vibrant green and narrow elliptical. They grow to 4cm In length.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesUseful as a hedge, either shaped or informal. An attractive feature plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus bridgesiana

apple box

A medium sized tree growing to 25m in height. Course grey fibrous bark on trunk and larger branches. Glossy dark green lance-shaped leaves to 20cm long and white flowers occurring in summer.
Eucalyptus_bridgesiana.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesPrefers well drained, fertile soils in a sunny position.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourFlower buds are egg-shaped on short stalks and in clusters. They open to white flowers. The fruit are large and hemispherical, with 3 projecting valves.
foliage colourThe adult foliage is glossy dark green and lanceolate, growing to 20cm in length. Juvenile foliage is heart-shaped and occurs in opposite pairs.
widthup to 15m
heightup to 25m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesGood as a shade tree or windbreak. Bird and bee attracting.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens
flowers and showy seed heads
frost tolerant
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Grevillea 'Forest Rambler'

grevillea 'Forest Rambler'

A sprawling bushy shrub spreading to 2m. Dark green leaves, oval in shape. Yellow to pale pink flowers are produced in spring.
Grevillea_Forest_Rambler.jpg
 
originCultivar
cultural notesA hardy plant accepting of most soils. Prefers full sun.
maintenancePrune lightly if required.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourYellow to pale pink loosely clustered spider-like flowers.
foliage colourBright to dark green linear to ovate leaves.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing80cm apart
recommended usesA fast growing shrub suitable as an low informal hedge or feature plant. Bird attracting.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Melburnian

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

hedges, screens and windbreaks

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Dodonea viscosa

hopbush

An erect, fast growing shrub occassionally growing as tall as 5m. Attractive glossy green sticky leaves and winged seed capsules on the female plants are a feature of this species.
Dodonea_viscosa.jpg
 
originAll Australian states.
cultural notesHardy and fast growing. Prefers well drained soils in an open, sunny position.
maintenanceCan be tip pruned to maintain bushy growth. Can be susceptible to scale.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant. Suitable for tropical conditions.
flowering seasonInconspicuous flowers in spring, followed by conspicuous fruits in summer.
flower colourThe flowers are yellowish-green but are inconspicous. Fruit are attractive green winged seed capsules that dry to a papery brown colour.
foliage colourGlossy green leaves that have a sticky texture. Oval in shape, generally broader at the tip than the stem.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesAttractive and hardy shrub useful for screening and hedges or as a container plant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License B.navez

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
butterfly attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus polyanthemos

red box

A medium sized, often spreading tree to 25m in height. Rough fibrous grey to brown bark may or may not be shed annually to reveal smooth bark beneath. Foliage is slate-green to blue-grey and white flowers are produced in spring and summer.
Eucalyptus_polyanthemos.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesRequires well drained soils in full sun or part shade. Naturally occurring in low nutrient stony soils on dry ridges and slopes.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and low nutrient soils.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourClusters of diamond-shaped buds open to creamy-white flowers. Fruit are barrel shaped.
foliage colourFoliage is slate-green to blue-grey. Leaves are ovate in shape to 5cm in length and width.
widthup to 15m
heightup to 25m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive ornamental tree grown for its glaucous foliage.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Melburnian

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus elata

river peppermint

A slender tree growing to 40m in height and spreading up to 10m. The lower trunk is covered with dark coloured fibrous, deeply furrowed bark, with smooth white bark above. Pendulous dark grey-green leaves and creamy white flowers in spring.
Eucalyptus_elata.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesThis tree prefers deep moist soils in partial shade. It is often found along streams and drainage lines.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourCreamy white flowers occur in spherical clusters and appear from yellow, club-shaped buds. The fruit are brownish conical capsules.
foliage colourThe leaves are dark gre-green in colour and pendulous. They are narrow, grow to 20cm in length and give off a peppermint aroma when crushed.
widthup to 10m
heightup to 40m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesA useful fast growing shade tree for large gardens or as a street tree.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Grevillea 'Pink Lady'

grevillea 'Pink Lady'

Thought to be a hybrid species with Grevillea juniperina as one of the parents, the other is unknown. A dense spreading groundcover rarely exceeding 30cm in height and spreading 2m. Bright green prickly foliage, pink and green flower occur in spring.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesA hardy plant accepting of most soils provided they are well drained. Grow in full sun or part shade.
maintenancePrune after flowering to encourage new growth.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring, sporadic flowering year round.
flower colourPale pink spider-like flowers with green styles.
foliage colourPrickly bright green linear leaves to 1.5cm in length.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 0.3m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive grouncover providing excellent habitat for small birds. Can be trailed over retaining walls or in pots.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
kangaroo proof
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eriostemon myoporoides

long-leaf waxflower

Has been re-classified as Philotheca myoporiodes. A dense shrub growing to a height and spread of 2m. Starry white flowers are produced in spring.
Eriostemon_myoporoides.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesThrives in a range of climates from sub-tropical to cool-temperate. They prefer well drained soils in full sun or part shade. Dislikes root disturbance.
maintenanceCan be tip pruned to promote a bushy habit, however, if pruned too hard they can be slow to recover. Can be affected by scale.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourPink buds are followed by white 5 petalled, star shaped flowers.
foliage colourSmooth waxy leaves are narrow and dark green. They are variable in length to 8cm. Strongly aromatic when crushed.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesProfuse flowers make this a good feature plant. Also suited to containers or as a hedge.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ian Sutton

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus sideroxylon

red Ironbark, mugga

A medium sized tree growing to 30m in height. The thick, fibrous bark is deeply furrowed and black on the outer surface, showing a deep red-brown in the furrows. Narrow pendant grey-blue foliage and profuse white, cream, pink or red flowers.
Eucalyptus_sideroxylon.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates and well drained soils. Prefers full sun or part shade.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourThe flowers occur in clusters and are white, cream, pink or red in colour.
foliage colourThe leaves are grey-green in colour, lance-shaped and sometimes slighly curved.
widthup to 8m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesA good shade tree suitable for medium to large sized gardens and parks. Attracts birds and bees.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License HelloMojo

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