Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Lomatia myricoides

long leaf lomatia

An open shrub or small tree growing to a height of 5m and spreading 3m. Narrow lance-shaped leaves to 15cm in length and short sprays of cream or pink flowers in summer.
Lomatia_myricoides.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesA hardy plant that is adaptable to a range of climates and soils provided they have reasonable drainage. They prefer dappled sun to full shade.
toleratesTolerant of frost, snow and occasional innundation.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourThe flowers are generally cream in colour but occasionally pale pink varieties can be seen. They are borne on spikes to 15cm in length arising from the leaf axils.
foliage colourNarrow, dull green leaves to 20cm long with pointed tips and a few teeth along the margins.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesA hardy shrub with attractive flowers. A useful plant for shady areas.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ian Sutton

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
clay soils
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
fire retardant
frost tolerant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Hakea salicifolia

Willow leaved Hakea

A large shrub or small tree growing to 5m in height. It has a dense growth habit with pale to mid green lanceolate leaves. New growth has reddish tips.
Hakea_salicifolia.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld.
cultural notesA hardy and reliable fast growing plant, suitable for most soils and climates. Particularly suited to temperate and sub-tropical areas. It prefers well drained soils in full sun or shade. Often used as rootstock for grafting other Hakea species.
maintenanceCan be pruned as required to maintain shape and enourage a bushy habit.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourDelicate creamy white flowers occurin in dense clusters from the leaf axils.
foliage colourPale to mid-green lance shaped leaves to 12cm in length. The new growth has pinkish red to bronze tips which is an attractive feature.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesA generally neat appearance makes this hardy plant useful in the garden. Suitable as a hedge or screen plant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Bidgee

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus longifolia

woollybutt

A medium to large sized tree growing to 35m in height. Persistant, fibrous grey-brown bark on the lower trunk and pale brown to grey-green bark on the upper trunk and branches. Foliage is grey-green, narrow and curved, to 24cm in length.
 
originNSW.
cultural notesPrefers deep, moist, well drained soils in a semi-protected sunny position. Its natural habitat is near coastal open forests, in low country and shallow valleys.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourWhite to cream flowers.
foliage colourGrey-green pendant leaves, curved lanceolate and growing to 24cm in length.
widthup to 6m
heightup to 35m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesLarge shade tree.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus agglomerata

blue leaf stringybark

A tall erect tree growing to 40 m in height. Rough, fibrous 'stringy' bark, dark grey or grey brown in colour. Foliage is blue-green, giving the crown a blue appearance.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers shallow, well drained soils in an open sunny position. Tends to grow taller in moister soils than on drier ridges.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring
flower colourYellow flower buds are followed by greenish white flowers in clusters.
foliage colourGlossy green to blue-green lanceolate leaves to 17cm in length. The juvenile foliage is shorter and ovate in shape.
widthup to 8m
heightup to 40m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesGood shade tree, bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus tereticornis

forest red gum

A tall tree growing to 50m in height. It has smooth bark that tends to shed in irregular patches leaving a mottled surface with shades of blue, grey, white and cream. Narrow, shiny green leaves and profuse white flowers in winter and spring.
Eucalyptus_terticornis.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, Papua New Guinea.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates. Naturally found in soils with medium to high fertility. Often the dominant species in its natural habitat.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourSmall white flowers appear from small yellow flower buds with cone shaped caps. Fruit are hemispheric horned capsules.
foliage colourThe glossy green leaves are narrow, curved and up to 20cm in length. They are conspicuously veined and generally pendant.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 50m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA stately, attractive tree. Important koala habitat and bee attractant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ethel Aardvark

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus mannifera

brittlegum

A medium sized tree growing to 20m. The bark is smooth to ground level and powdery white mottled with grey. It turns shades of pink, red or orange in late spring or summer and sheds in short ribbons. Grey-green lance-shaped leaves and small white flowers.
Eucalyptus_mannifera.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesFound naturally in poorer, well drained soils. This species prefers an open sunny position.
maintenanceAs the common name brittlegum suggests, the wood is quite brittle and this species will occassionally drop branches. Responds well to coppicing.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn although flowering season can differ depending on the climate.
flower colourClusters of small white flowers from green club-shaped buds. The fruit are dark brown, three valved capsules.
foliage colourGrey-green lanceolate leaves, prominantly veined, to 12cm in length.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 20m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesA handsome tree with an attractive white trunk. Medium sized, it is suitable for many gardens or as a street tree. Care must be taken as to its placement due to its tendency to drop branches unpredictably. Bee attractant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus bicostata

eurabbie

A tall tree growing to 45m in height. Smooth white or blue grey bark and and dark green leaves to 30cm in length. Fast growing.
Eucalyptus_bicostata.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesRequires a sunny position, preferably in moist reasonably fertile soils. Will tolerate dryer conditions once established.
maintenanceJuvenile foliage is susceptible to damage by caterpillars.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought once established.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourCreamy white to yellow flowers followed by bell shaped, greyish-white fruit.
foliage colourThe long, glossy dark green adult leaves are curved and lanceolate. Juvenile foliage is silvery blue.
widthup to 10m
heightup to 45m
plant spacing4cm apart
recommended usesUseful as a shade tree in colder climates.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Eutaxia microphylla

common eutaxia

A small spreading shrub growing to 1.5m in height and width. The narrow leaves are grey-green, sometimes tinged with bronze and crowded on the branches. Predominantly yellow pea style flowers appear in spring and summer.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, SA, WA.
cultural notesVery hardy, adapts to most soils and positions from full sun to heavy shade. Once established it will tolerate waterlogging and extended dry periods.
maintenanceResponds well to pruning.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost waterlogging and poor soils.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourThe pea style flowers are yellow, often streaked with red or purple.
foliage colourLeaves are small and narrow and crowded on the branches. They are usually around 2.5mm long, but can grow to 7mm, and to 1mm in width. They are grey-green in colour.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesA useful small shrub for rockeries, borders or as a container plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus melliodora

yellowbox

A medium to large sized tree, growing to 30m. A broad crown to 25m in width. The branches often have a gnarled twisting form. The lower bark is rough and flaky, brownish, tinged with yellow near the base, smooth and pale on the upper trunk and branches.
Eucalyptus_melliodora.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesHardy in most soils in full sun or part shade.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourProfuse creamy-white, very occassionally pink, flowers appear from club-shaped buds. Fruit are hemispherical with 4 or 5 valves.
foliage colourThe adult foliage can vary from a light green to a blueish-grey, leaves are lanceolate to 14cm. Juvenile foliage is ovate to 11cm.
widthup to 25m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing1000cm apart
recommended usesA good tree for large gardens and parks. Bee attractant.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus bridgesiana

apple box

A medium sized tree growing to 25m in height. Course grey fibrous bark on trunk and larger branches. Glossy dark green lance-shaped leaves to 20cm long and white flowers occurring in summer.
Eucalyptus_bridgesiana.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesPrefers well drained, fertile soils in a sunny position.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourFlower buds are egg-shaped on short stalks and in clusters. They open to white flowers. The fruit are large and hemispherical, with 3 projecting valves.
foliage colourThe adult foliage is glossy dark green and lanceolate, growing to 20cm in length. Juvenile foliage is heart-shaped and occurs in opposite pairs.
widthup to 15m
heightup to 25m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesGood as a shade tree or windbreak. Bird and bee attracting.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

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