Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
clay soils
coastal gardens
hedges, screens and windbreaks
kangaroo proof
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Melaleuca armillaris

bracelet honey myrtle

A small to medium sized tree growing to 8m in height and 7m in width. A spreading canopy of narrow, dark green needle-like foliage and white, occassionally pink, cylindrical flower spikes in spring and summer.
Melaleuca_armillaris.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesFast growing and adaptable to most soils and aspects.
maintenanceCan be pruned lightly after flowering.
toleratesTolerant of drought and salt spray, tolerant of frost once established.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourCylinderical, bottlebrush-style flowers to 5cm in length. Red or pink buds open to white and occassionally pink flowers. The fruit are small woody capsules.
foliage colourDark green needle-like leaves to 2.5 cm in length.
widthup to 7m
heightup to 8m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesA useful screen plant or windbreak. Bird habitat.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Eug

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
small plants for small gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Indigofera australis

austral indigo

An open spreading shrub growing to 2m in height and width. Blue-grey foliage and sprays of mauve-pink pea-shaped flowers in spring are a feature of this plant.
Indigofera_australis.jpg
 
originAll Australian states.
cultural notesA hardy plant that adapts to full sun or full shade and flowers well in both. It is not fussy about soils provided they are well drained.
maintenanceShould be pruned from early age to encourade an attractive shape. Can be pruned quite hard but pruning into old wood should be avoided.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant once established.
flowering seasonLate Winter, Spring, early Summer.
flower colourMauve pink pea style flowers occur in long heads.
foliage colourBlue-green pinnate leaves to 10cm in length with a soft, velvety texture.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive shrub that is under-utilised as a garden plant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Pkravchenko

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus macrorhyncha

red stringy

A large tree growing to 35m a with rounded canopy spreading to 20m. Thick fibrous red-brown bark that is deeply furrowed and glossy green lance-shaped leaves to 15cm. Profuse creamy-white flowers in summer and autumn.
Eucalyptus_macrorhyncha.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, SA.
cultural notesPrefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade. Naturally occurs in well drained clay soils or poor shallow soils on slopes and ridges. Does not like wet or compacted soils.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and snow.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourClusters of creamy white flowers appear from small diamond-shaped buds. Fruit are large and round with three projecting valves.
foliage colourAdult foliage is glossy green, lanceolate and up to 15cm long. Often asymmetrical. Juvenile leaves are ovate with wavy margins and grow to 5cm in length and 3cm in width.
widthup to 20m
heightup to 35m
plant spacing800cm apart
recommended usesAttractive shade tree for large areas.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus baureana

blue box

A medium sixed tree growing to a height of 30m and spreading 15m. Rough greyish bark and ovate leaves to 9cm in length and 6cm in width. The leaves are quite rounded which gives the tree a dense crown.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers well drained moist soils in a sunny position.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourFlower buds are yellow and club shaped, followed by profuse white flowers occuring in clusters. Fruit are green conical capsules.
foliage colourLeaves are blue-grey to pale green, and ovate in shape. They are prominantly midveined with slight undulations at the margins.
widthup to 15m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesAn excellent shade tree for larger gardens.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus viminalis

ribbon gum, manna gum

A large, fast growing tree reaching a height of 55m. Rough grey-brown bark at the base of the trunk, smooth, mostly white bark above. The upper branches shed bark in long ribbons, often left hanging from the tree.
Eucalyptus_viminalis.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesPrefers moist fertile soils in full sun. Drier conditions will stunt the growth of the tree.
toleratesFrost tolerant, moderately drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourEgg-shaped buds are occuring in clusters are followed by small white flowers. The fruit are round with 3 or 4 projecting valves.
foliage colourThe adult leaves are glossy dark green, pendant, lance-shaped and 20cm long. The juvenile leaves are shorter and a dull green.
widthup to 10m
heightup to 55m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA good fast growing shade tree for large gardens and parkland. Habitat for koalas, possums and birds.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License S.L. Prior

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
small plants for small gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus mannifera 'Little Spotty'

brittlegum dwarf

A smaller variety of Eucalyptus mannifera, growing to 8m in height, with more pronounced mottling on the bark. Grey-green foliage and small white flowers in Summer and Autumn.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesAdaptable to most soils provided they are free draining. Prefers an open sunny position.
maintenanceAs the common name brittlegum suggests, the wood is quite brittle and this species will occassionally drop branches.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn although flowering season can differ depending on the climate.
flower colourClusters of small white flowers from green club-shaped buds. The fruit are dark brown, three valved capsules.
foliage colourGrey-green lanceolate leaves, prominantly veined, to 12cm in length.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 8m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive tree whose smaller size makes it ideal for smaller to gardens. Very hardy. Care must be taken as to its placement due to its tendency to drop branches unpredictably. Bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus blakelyi

blakely's red gum

A medium to large tree growing to 25m in height. Smooth, grey bark mottled with patches of white, grey-blue, pinkish-brown and creamy yellow. Adult foliage is pointed, lance shaped and up to 16cm long.
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers a sunny position in well drained soils.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and salt.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourWhite or pink flowers occuring in the leaf axils.
foliage colourThe mature foliage is a dull grey-green in colour, curved lanceolate growing to 16cm in length. Juvenile foliage is similar in colour but shorter and broader in shape.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 25m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesShade tree, bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Goodia lotifolia

golden tip

A suckering erect shrub with a variable habit, growing to 5m in height and width. Blue-green to grey-green foliage and Bright yellow and pea shaped flowers in spring.
Goodia_lotifolia.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesA very vigorous plant that thrives in most soils and positions.
maintenancePrune after flowering as required.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourBright yellow and red pea shaped flowers occuring in long sprays.
foliage colourBlue-green to grey-green trifoliate. Each leaflet ovate, broader at the tip.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA very vigorous screen plant. Attractive in flower.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Melburnian

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus pauciflora

snow gum, white sallee (or sally)

A small to medium sized tree growing to 30m in lowland areas. The alpine variety, E.p. niphophila, only reaches 15m. Bark is smooth and mottled, white, grey or yellowish in colour. White flowers in spring and summer.
Eucalyptus_pauciflora.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, Qld.
cultural notesRequires well drained soils in a sunny position. In cold areas the bark develops patches of orange, red, yellow and olive green.
toleratesDrought, frost and snow tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourWhite flowers occur in clusters, from club-shaped buds. Fruit are cup-shaped.
foliage colourThe adult foliage is thick and leathery, blue-grey to olive-green, lanceolate to 16cm in length. Juvenile foliage is weeping and ovate.
widthup to 20m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesA beautiful tree for gardens or as a street tree. Bee attractant.
 
plant image credits Amanda Slater

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus cinerea

argyle apple

A small to medium sized tree growing to 15m in height. Red-brown to grey-brown, fibrous bark on the lower trunk and larger branches. A dense crown of attractive silver-blue foliage is a distinctive feature of this species.
Eucalyptus_cinerea.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of soil types and shows some tolerance to temporary waterlogging. Prefers a sunny position.
maintenanceBenefits from formative pruning when young to encourage a central leader. Can be pruned periodically. Can suffer from insect attack.
toleratesTolerant or frost, drought and temporary waterlogging.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourGreen conical flower buds open to small cream to yellow flowers. The fruit are small valved capsules.
foliage colourJuvenile foliage is silvery-blue, rounded and grows in opposite pairs. It is often retained through a large part of the mature tree. Adult foliage maintains the silvery-blue colour but is more elongated and sickle shaped.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 15m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesAttractive small to medium tree whose foliage can provide a good contrast in a garden situation. Popular street tree.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License HelloMojo

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