Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus rossii

inland scribbly gum, white gum.

A medium sized tree growing to 18m. It has a smooth greyish-white trunk that is often marked by the scribbly trails of insect larvae. Narrow grey-green leaves and small white flowers in summer.
Eucalyptus_rossi.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT.
cultural notesA sunny position in well drained soils is preferred. Often occurs naturally on poor shallow, stony soils.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourSmall white flowers occuring in clusters, followed by small hemispherical gumnuts.
foliage colourAdult foliage is dull grey-green, lance-shaped and grows to 15cm in length. Juvenile foliage is similar but genarlly broader.
widthup to 9m
heightup to 18m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA good shade tree for cooler areas.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License S.L. Prior

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus longifolia

woollybutt

A medium to large sized tree growing to 35m in height. Persistant, fibrous grey-brown bark on the lower trunk and pale brown to grey-green bark on the upper trunk and branches. Foliage is grey-green, narrow and curved, to 24cm in length.
 
originNSW.
cultural notesPrefers deep, moist, well drained soils in a semi-protected sunny position. Its natural habitat is near coastal open forests, in low country and shallow valleys.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourWhite to cream flowers.
foliage colourGrey-green pendant leaves, curved lanceolate and growing to 24cm in length.
widthup to 6m
heightup to 35m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesLarge shade tree.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus agglomerata

blue leaf stringybark

A tall erect tree growing to 40 m in height. Rough, fibrous 'stringy' bark, dark grey or grey brown in colour. Foliage is blue-green, giving the crown a blue appearance.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers shallow, well drained soils in an open sunny position. Tends to grow taller in moister soils than on drier ridges.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring
flower colourYellow flower buds are followed by greenish white flowers in clusters.
foliage colourGlossy green to blue-green lanceolate leaves to 17cm in length. The juvenile foliage is shorter and ovate in shape.
widthup to 8m
heightup to 40m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesGood shade tree, bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus tereticornis

forest red gum

A tall tree growing to 50m in height. It has smooth bark that tends to shed in irregular patches leaving a mottled surface with shades of blue, grey, white and cream. Narrow, shiny green leaves and profuse white flowers in winter and spring.
Eucalyptus_terticornis.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, Papua New Guinea.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates. Naturally found in soils with medium to high fertility. Often the dominant species in its natural habitat.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourSmall white flowers appear from small yellow flower buds with cone shaped caps. Fruit are hemispheric horned capsules.
foliage colourThe glossy green leaves are narrow, curved and up to 20cm in length. They are conspicuously veined and generally pendant.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 50m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA stately, attractive tree. Important koala habitat and bee attractant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ethel Aardvark

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus mannifera

brittlegum

A medium sized tree growing to 20m. The bark is smooth to ground level and powdery white mottled with grey. It turns shades of pink, red or orange in late spring or summer and sheds in short ribbons. Grey-green lance-shaped leaves and small white flowers.
Eucalyptus_mannifera.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesFound naturally in poorer, well drained soils. This species prefers an open sunny position.
maintenanceAs the common name brittlegum suggests, the wood is quite brittle and this species will occassionally drop branches. Responds well to coppicing.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn although flowering season can differ depending on the climate.
flower colourClusters of small white flowers from green club-shaped buds. The fruit are dark brown, three valved capsules.
foliage colourGrey-green lanceolate leaves, prominantly veined, to 12cm in length.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 20m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesA handsome tree with an attractive white trunk. Medium sized, it is suitable for many gardens or as a street tree. Care must be taken as to its placement due to its tendency to drop branches unpredictably. Bee attractant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus bicostata

eurabbie

A tall tree growing to 45m in height. Smooth white or blue grey bark and and dark green leaves to 30cm in length. Fast growing.
Eucalyptus_bicostata.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesRequires a sunny position, preferably in moist reasonably fertile soils. Will tolerate dryer conditions once established.
maintenanceJuvenile foliage is susceptible to damage by caterpillars.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought once established.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourCreamy white to yellow flowers followed by bell shaped, greyish-white fruit.
foliage colourThe long, glossy dark green adult leaves are curved and lanceolate. Juvenile foliage is silvery blue.
widthup to 10m
heightup to 45m
plant spacing4cm apart
recommended usesUseful as a shade tree in colder climates.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Eutaxia microphylla

common eutaxia

A small spreading shrub growing to 1.5m in height and width. The narrow leaves are grey-green, sometimes tinged with bronze and crowded on the branches. Predominantly yellow pea style flowers appear in spring and summer.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, SA, WA.
cultural notesVery hardy, adapts to most soils and positions from full sun to heavy shade. Once established it will tolerate waterlogging and extended dry periods.
maintenanceResponds well to pruning.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost waterlogging and poor soils.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourThe pea style flowers are yellow, often streaked with red or purple.
foliage colourLeaves are small and narrow and crowded on the branches. They are usually around 2.5mm long, but can grow to 7mm, and to 1mm in width. They are grey-green in colour.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesA useful small shrub for rockeries, borders or as a container plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus melliodora

yellowbox

A medium to large sized tree, growing to 30m. A broad crown to 25m in width. The branches often have a gnarled twisting form. The lower bark is rough and flaky, brownish, tinged with yellow near the base, smooth and pale on the upper trunk and branches.
Eucalyptus_melliodora.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesHardy in most soils in full sun or part shade.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourProfuse creamy-white, very occassionally pink, flowers appear from club-shaped buds. Fruit are hemispherical with 4 or 5 valves.
foliage colourThe adult foliage can vary from a light green to a blueish-grey, leaves are lanceolate to 14cm. Juvenile foliage is ovate to 11cm.
widthup to 25m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing1000cm apart
recommended usesA good tree for large gardens and parks. Bee attractant.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
butterfly attracting
clay soils
coastal gardens
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Callistemon pallidus

lemon bottlebrush

A dense erect shrub growing to 3m in height and spreading 2m. Creamy yellow flower spikes are produced in spring and summer.
Callistemon_pallidus.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, Qld.
cultural notesHardy plant accepting of most soils, requires a sunny position.
maintenanceCan be pruned after flowering to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerates frost, drought and poorly drained soil.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourCreamy yellow bottlebrush style flower spikes.
foliage colourMature foliage is narrow mid green to dark green leaves. New growth is soft and silvery.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 3m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesA very hardy plant good for hedges, screens or as a feature plant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Wendy Cutler

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
clay soils
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
flowers and showy seed heads
frost tolerant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Callistemon 'Endeavour'

callistemon 'Endeavour', Callistemon 'Splendens'

A fast growing shrub with broad green leaves and brilliant red flowerspikes. Grows to 3m in height and width.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesA hardy and vigorous plant adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. Suitable for tropical climates and wet conditions.
maintenanceCan be pruned after flowering to mmaintain shape. Responds to fertilizing with a native plant fertilizer after flowering.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost, salt spray and poor drainage.
flowering seasonSpring, Summer and Autumn.
flower colourBrilliant red flower spikes to 12cm in length.
foliage colourLeaves are dull green and elliptical, to 9cm in length.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 3m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA very adaptable plant that, due to its tolerance of tropical and wetter conditions, has a large range of uses. Suitable as a hedge or screen plant and as a feature plant, is also a bird attractant.

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