Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus cinerea

argyle apple

A small to medium sized tree growing to 15m in height. Red-brown to grey-brown, fibrous bark on the lower trunk and larger branches. A dense crown of attractive silver-blue foliage is a distinctive feature of this species.
Eucalyptus_cinerea.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of soil types and shows some tolerance to temporary waterlogging. Prefers a sunny position.
maintenanceBenefits from formative pruning when young to encourage a central leader. Can be pruned periodically. Can suffer from insect attack.
toleratesTolerant or frost, drought and temporary waterlogging.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourGreen conical flower buds open to small cream to yellow flowers. The fruit are small valved capsules.
foliage colourJuvenile foliage is silvery-blue, rounded and grows in opposite pairs. It is often retained through a large part of the mature tree. Adult foliage maintains the silvery-blue colour but is more elongated and sickle shaped.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 15m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesAttractive small to medium tree whose foliage can provide a good contrast in a garden situation. Popular street tree.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License HelloMojo

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Grevillea 'John Evans'

grevillea 'John Evans'

Thought to be a hybrid between Grevillea baueri and Grevillea rosmarinifolia 'Nana'. A compact rounded shrub to 1.5m in height and width. Narrow dark green leaves and red flowers in winter and spring.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesPrefers a sunny position in moist well drained soil.
maintenancePrune lightly as required.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourBright red spider-like flower clusters.
foliage colourNarrow linear dark green leaves. This species seems to have inherited its foliage from the Grevillea rosmarinifolia 'Nana'.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesUse as a native hedge or specimen plant in a shrubbery.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

frost tolerant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
small plants for small gardens
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Dodonea viscosa purpurea

purple hopbush

An erect, fast growing shrub occassionally growing as tall as 5m. Attractive purple-red leaves and winged seed capsules on the female plants are a feature of this species.
Dodonea_viscosa_purpurea.jpg
 
originCultivar
cultural notesHardy and fast growing. Prefers well drained soils in an open, sunny position.
maintenanceCan be tip pruned to maintain bushy growth. Can be susceptible to scale.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant. Suitable for tropical conditions.
flowering seasonInconspicuous flowers in spring, followed by conspicuous fruits in summer.
flower colourThe flowers are inconspicous. Fruit are attractive red winged seed capsules.
foliage colourPurple-red leaves with a course texture. Oval in shape, generally broader at the tip than the stem.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesAttractive and hardy shrub useful for screening and hedges or as a container plant. Purple foliage provides good contrast among other plants.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus rossii

inland scribbly gum, white gum.

A medium sized tree growing to 18m. It has a smooth greyish-white trunk that is often marked by the scribbly trails of insect larvae. Narrow grey-green leaves and small white flowers in summer.
Eucalyptus_rossi.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT.
cultural notesA sunny position in well drained soils is preferred. Often occurs naturally on poor shallow, stony soils.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourSmall white flowers occuring in clusters, followed by small hemispherical gumnuts.
foliage colourAdult foliage is dull grey-green, lance-shaped and grows to 15cm in length. Juvenile foliage is similar but genarlly broader.
widthup to 9m
heightup to 18m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA good shade tree for cooler areas.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License S.L. Prior

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus longifolia

woollybutt

A medium to large sized tree growing to 35m in height. Persistant, fibrous grey-brown bark on the lower trunk and pale brown to grey-green bark on the upper trunk and branches. Foliage is grey-green, narrow and curved, to 24cm in length.
 
originNSW.
cultural notesPrefers deep, moist, well drained soils in a semi-protected sunny position. Its natural habitat is near coastal open forests, in low country and shallow valleys.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer.
flower colourWhite to cream flowers.
foliage colourGrey-green pendant leaves, curved lanceolate and growing to 24cm in length.
widthup to 6m
heightup to 35m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesLarge shade tree.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus agglomerata

blue leaf stringybark

A tall erect tree growing to 40 m in height. Rough, fibrous 'stringy' bark, dark grey or grey brown in colour. Foliage is blue-green, giving the crown a blue appearance.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers shallow, well drained soils in an open sunny position. Tends to grow taller in moister soils than on drier ridges.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring
flower colourYellow flower buds are followed by greenish white flowers in clusters.
foliage colourGlossy green to blue-green lanceolate leaves to 17cm in length. The juvenile foliage is shorter and ovate in shape.
widthup to 8m
heightup to 40m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesGood shade tree, bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus tereticornis

forest red gum

A tall tree growing to 50m in height. It has smooth bark that tends to shed in irregular patches leaving a mottled surface with shades of blue, grey, white and cream. Narrow, shiny green leaves and profuse white flowers in winter and spring.
Eucalyptus_terticornis.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, Papua New Guinea.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates. Naturally found in soils with medium to high fertility. Often the dominant species in its natural habitat.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourSmall white flowers appear from small yellow flower buds with cone shaped caps. Fruit are hemispheric horned capsules.
foliage colourThe glossy green leaves are narrow, curved and up to 20cm in length. They are conspicuously veined and generally pendant.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 50m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA stately, attractive tree. Important koala habitat and bee attractant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ethel Aardvark

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus mannifera

brittlegum

A medium sized tree growing to 20m. The bark is smooth to ground level and powdery white mottled with grey. It turns shades of pink, red or orange in late spring or summer and sheds in short ribbons. Grey-green lance-shaped leaves and small white flowers.
Eucalyptus_mannifera.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesFound naturally in poorer, well drained soils. This species prefers an open sunny position.
maintenanceAs the common name brittlegum suggests, the wood is quite brittle and this species will occassionally drop branches. Responds well to coppicing.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn although flowering season can differ depending on the climate.
flower colourClusters of small white flowers from green club-shaped buds. The fruit are dark brown, three valved capsules.
foliage colourGrey-green lanceolate leaves, prominantly veined, to 12cm in length.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 20m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesA handsome tree with an attractive white trunk. Medium sized, it is suitable for many gardens or as a street tree. Care must be taken as to its placement due to its tendency to drop branches unpredictably. Bee attractant.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
clay soils
coastal gardens
flowers and showy seed heads

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Callistemon citrinus 'White Anzac'

callistemon citrinus 'White Anzac'

A low, spreading shrub with pure white flower spikes in spring and early summer. Grows to 1m in height and spreads up to 3m.
 
originNSW
cultural notesA hardy and vigorous plant adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned after flowering to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost salt spray and poor drainage.
flowering seasonSpring and early Summer.
flower colourPure white, ageing to cream-white, bottlebrush style flower spikes to 15cm in length.
foliage colourMid green to dark green lanceolate leaves to 6cm in length.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 1m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive fast growing plant suitable as a small hedge, mounding groundcover, or as a container plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
frost tolerant
small plants for small gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Banksia spinulosa 'Birthday Candles'

Banksia spinulosa 'Birthday Candles'

A hardy low growing shrub to 60cm in height and 1.2m in width. Dense dark green foliage provides an attractive backdrop to the showy orange yellow flower spikes.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesA very hardy shrub that prefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and salt spray.
flowering seasonAutumn, Winter and early Spring.
flower colourOrange-yellow flower spikes to 20cm long.
foliage colourNarrow linear leaves, dark green on top with pale wooly undersides. Toothed apex and margins.
widthup to 1.2m
heightup to 0.6m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesVery attractive low growing shrub ideal for rockeries or as a container plant. Bird attractant.

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