Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
kangaroo proof
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eriostemon myoporoides

long-leaf waxflower

Has been re-classified as Philotheca myoporiodes. A dense shrub growing to a height and spread of 2m. Starry white flowers are produced in spring.
Eriostemon_myoporoides.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesThrives in a range of climates from sub-tropical to cool-temperate. They prefer well drained soils in full sun or part shade. Dislikes root disturbance.
maintenanceCan be tip pruned to promote a bushy habit, however, if pruned too hard they can be slow to recover. Can be affected by scale.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer
flower colourPink buds are followed by white 5 petalled, star shaped flowers.
foliage colourSmooth waxy leaves are narrow and dark green. They are variable in length to 8cm. Strongly aromatic when crushed.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesProfuse flowers make this a good feature plant. Also suited to containers or as a hedge.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Ian Sutton

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus sideroxylon

red Ironbark, mugga

A medium sized tree growing to 30m in height. The thick, fibrous bark is deeply furrowed and black on the outer surface, showing a deep red-brown in the furrows. Narrow pendant grey-blue foliage and profuse white, cream, pink or red flowers.
Eucalyptus_sideroxylon.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates and well drained soils. Prefers full sun or part shade.
toleratesTolerant of drought and frost.
flowering seasonWinter and Spring.
flower colourThe flowers occur in clusters and are white, cream, pink or red in colour.
foliage colourThe leaves are grey-green in colour, lance-shaped and sometimes slighly curved.
widthup to 8m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesA good shade tree suitable for medium to large sized gardens and parks. Attracts birds and bees.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License HelloMojo

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus macrorhyncha

red stringy

A large tree growing to 35m a with rounded canopy spreading to 20m. Thick fibrous red-brown bark that is deeply furrowed and glossy green lance-shaped leaves to 15cm. Profuse creamy-white flowers in summer and autumn.
Eucalyptus_macrorhyncha.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, SA.
cultural notesPrefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade. Naturally occurs in well drained clay soils or poor shallow soils on slopes and ridges. Does not like wet or compacted soils.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and snow.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourClusters of creamy white flowers appear from small diamond-shaped buds. Fruit are large and round with three projecting valves.
foliage colourAdult foliage is glossy green, lanceolate and up to 15cm long. Often asymmetrical. Juvenile leaves are ovate with wavy margins and grow to 5cm in length and 3cm in width.
widthup to 20m
heightup to 35m
plant spacing800cm apart
recommended usesAttractive shade tree for large areas.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus baureana

blue box

A medium sixed tree growing to a height of 30m and spreading 15m. Rough greyish bark and ovate leaves to 9cm in length and 6cm in width. The leaves are quite rounded which gives the tree a dense crown.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers well drained moist soils in a sunny position.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourFlower buds are yellow and club shaped, followed by profuse white flowers occuring in clusters. Fruit are green conical capsules.
foliage colourLeaves are blue-grey to pale green, and ovate in shape. They are prominantly midveined with slight undulations at the margins.
widthup to 15m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing500cm apart
recommended usesAn excellent shade tree for larger gardens.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Eucalyptus viminalis

ribbon gum, manna gum

A large, fast growing tree reaching a height of 55m. Rough grey-brown bark at the base of the trunk, smooth, mostly white bark above. The upper branches shed bark in long ribbons, often left hanging from the tree.
Eucalyptus_viminalis.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesPrefers moist fertile soils in full sun. Drier conditions will stunt the growth of the tree.
toleratesFrost tolerant, moderately drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn.
flower colourEgg-shaped buds are occuring in clusters are followed by small white flowers. The fruit are round with 3 or 4 projecting valves.
foliage colourThe adult leaves are glossy dark green, pendant, lance-shaped and 20cm long. The juvenile leaves are shorter and a dull green.
widthup to 10m
heightup to 55m
plant spacing400cm apart
recommended usesA good fast growing shade tree for large gardens and parkland. Habitat for koalas, possums and birds.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License S.L. Prior

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
small plants for small gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus mannifera 'Little Spotty'

brittlegum dwarf

A smaller variety of Eucalyptus mannifera, growing to 8m in height, with more pronounced mottling on the bark. Grey-green foliage and small white flowers in Summer and Autumn.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesAdaptable to most soils provided they are free draining. Prefers an open sunny position.
maintenanceAs the common name brittlegum suggests, the wood is quite brittle and this species will occassionally drop branches.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn although flowering season can differ depending on the climate.
flower colourClusters of small white flowers from green club-shaped buds. The fruit are dark brown, three valved capsules.
foliage colourGrey-green lanceolate leaves, prominantly veined, to 12cm in length.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 8m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive tree whose smaller size makes it ideal for smaller to gardens. Very hardy. Care must be taken as to its placement due to its tendency to drop branches unpredictably. Bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Eucalyptus blakelyi

blakely's red gum

A medium to large tree growing to 25m in height. Smooth, grey bark mottled with patches of white, grey-blue, pinkish-brown and creamy yellow. Adult foliage is pointed, lance shaped and up to 16cm long.
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers a sunny position in well drained soils.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and salt.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourWhite or pink flowers occuring in the leaf axils.
foliage colourThe mature foliage is a dull grey-green in colour, curved lanceolate growing to 16cm in length. Juvenile foliage is similar in colour but shorter and broader in shape.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 25m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesShade tree, bee attractant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Goodia lotifolia

golden tip

A suckering erect shrub with a variable habit, growing to 5m in height and width. Blue-green to grey-green foliage and Bright yellow and pea shaped flowers in spring.
Goodia_lotifolia.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesA very vigorous plant that thrives in most soils and positions.
maintenancePrune after flowering as required.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourBright yellow and red pea shaped flowers occuring in long sprays.
foliage colourBlue-green to grey-green trifoliate. Each leaflet ovate, broader at the tip.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA very vigorous screen plant. Attractive in flower.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Melburnian

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Banksia spinulosa 'Maroon'

hairpin banksia

A hardy rounded shrub growing to 1.5m in height and width. This variety is distinct from the standard Banksia spinulosa due to its maroon coloured flower styles.
 
originCultivar
cultural notesA very hardy shrub that prefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and salt spray.
flowering seasonAutumn and Winter.
flower colourFlower spikes to 18cm long. Orange-yellow with hooked styles that are deep maroon in colour.
foliage colourNarrow linear leaves, dark green on top with pale wooly undersides. Toothed apex and margins.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesAttractive compact feature plant, particularly useful in coastal gardens. Bird attracting.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

fire retardant

project type

urban and commercial
residential
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Davesia mimosoides

blunt leaf bitter pea

An open multistemmed erect shrub growing to 2m in height and width. Yellow and red pea style flowers in spring and summer.
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesPrefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceResponds well to a light pruning after flowering and a native plant fertilizer in spring and autumn.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourDense spikes of pea style flowers, yellow and red-brown in colour.
foliage colourGlossy dark green leaves are broad and blunt in shape and up to 5cm long.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 2m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesUseful understory plant, particularly attractive when flowering. Improves soil by fixing nitrogen.

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