Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
clay soils
coastal gardens
drought tolerant
frost tolerant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Acacia floribunda

white sallow wattle, gossamer wattle

A tall dense shrub or small tree growing to a height of 6m. Long narrrow dark green phyllodes to 15cm long, often slightly curved. Abundant pale yellow ball-shaped flowers in winter and spring.
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic.
cultural notesAdaptable to most soils and prefering a shaded position. It naturally occurs along watercourses or where there is consistant water, but seems to tolerate dry conditions in a garden situation. Fast growing.
maintenancePrune after flowering to maintain a dense habit.
toleratesFrost tolerant, moderately drought tolerant.
flowering seasonLate Winter and Spring.
flower colourProfuse pale yellow to cream flowers occur in rods to 4cm long. Long narrow seed pods.
foliage colourDark green linear phyllodes to 15cm in length, branches often become pendulous.
widthup to 4.5m
heightup to 6m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesGood for windbreaks or hedges due to its attractive appearance and fast growth.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Banksia spinulosa

hairpin banksia

A hardy rounded shrub growing to 1.5m in height and width. Flower grow to 20cm in length and are yellow with bronze-orange hooked styles.
Banksia_spinulosa.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld.
cultural notesA very hardy shrub that prefers well drained soils in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and salt spray.
flowering seasonAutumn and Winter.
flower colourFlower spikes to 18cm long. Orange-yellow with hooked styles that are deep maroon in colour.
foliage colourNarrow linear leaves, dark green on top with pale wooly undersides. Toothed apex and margins.
widthup to 1.5m
heightup to 1.5m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesAttractive compact feature plant, particularly useful in coastal gardens. Bird attracting.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Noodle snacks

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Allocasuarina littoralis

black she-oak

An erect, small to medium sized tree growing to 10m in height. It has ascending branches and the foliage is made up of greyish-green needle-like branchlets. It has dark grey-brown, deeply fissured bark on the trunk.
 
originNSW, Vic, Tas, Qld.
cultural notesHardy and adaptable to most climates and well drained soils. Prefers full sun to light shade.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and salt spray.
flowering seasonWinter.
flower colourThe male and female flowers occur on different plants (dioecious). Male flowers are dark brown flower spikes, female flowers are red. Small fruiting cones are produced in clusters on the female plants.
foliage colourThe foliage is made up of grey-green needle like branchlets. The true leaves are reduced to tiny teeth-like scales at regular intervals along the branchlets.
widthup to 5m
heightup to 10m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesFast growing and ornamental, suitable as a street tree or shade tree.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Acacia implexa

hickory wattle, lightwood

A small to medium sized tree growing to a height of 12m. Relatively long lived compared to many wattles. It has sickle shaped phyllodes to 20cm in length and clusters of creamy-yellow coloured, ball-shaped flowers in summer and autumn.
 
originNSW, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates and soils, provided they are free draining. Grow in full sun.
maintenanceSusceptible to damage by bag moths and leaf gall.
toleratesDrought and frost tolerant.
flowering seasonSummer and Autumn
flower colourClusters of scented ball-shaped flowers, creamy-yellow in colour. Seed pods are brown and twisted.
foliage colourPhyllodes are light green and sickle shaped, to 20cm in length.
widthup to 3.5m
heightup to 12m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesUseful as a windbreak or tall screen, or as a shade tree. Hardiness, speed of growth and relatively long lifespan make this a useful species.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage

Acacia cognata

bower wattle, river wattle

A rounded shrub or small tree to 8m in height and 6m in width. It has long, narrow phyllodes and pendulous branches. Creamy yellow ball-shaped flowers can are produced in spring.
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesPrefers moist, well drained soils in a partly shaded position.
toleratesFrost tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourCreamy yellow ball-shaped flowers. Not as showy as many Acacia species. Seed pods to 10cm in length.
foliage colourPhyllodes can vary in colour form dark green to yellow-green. They are long and narrow, growing to 10cm in length.
widthup to 6m
heightup to 8m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesAn attractive tree useful as a screen or windbreak.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Baeckea virgata dwarf

twiggy heath myrtle dwarf

Likely to become known as Babingtonia bidwillii. A compact form of Baeckea virgata growing to 30cm in height and 50cm in width. It has dark green linear leaves and white flowers occuring in clusters in late spring and summer.
 
originQld.
cultural notesPrefers a lightly shaded position in well drained soils.
maintenanceCan be pruned after flowering to maintain shape and encourage new growth.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonLate Spring and Summer.
flower colourProfuse dainty white flowers to 8mm in width and occuring in clusters.
foliage colourDark green linear leaves to 2.5cm in length.
widthup to 0.5m
heightup to 0.3m
recommended usesSuitable as a feature plant or for mass plantings. Good for rockeries or as a container plant. The leaves can be steeped in water to make an aromatic tea that has a sedative effect.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Acacia mearnsii

black wattle

A fast growing medium sized tree growing to 20m in height. The bipinnate foliage is dark green on top, paler underneath, with fine downy hairs. Creamy yellow ball-shaped flowers in spring.
Acacia_mearnsii.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesA hardy plant that adapts to most soil types. Grow in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan suffer serious damage from borers.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourCreamy yellow ball shaped flower heads in clusters.
foliage colourDark green bipinnate foliage with fine downy hairs. One of the Acacia species that retains bipannate foliage throughout its life.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 20m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesA useful pioneer revegetation species, good for erosion control, soil improver through nitrogen fixing. A handy fast growing screen or windbreak.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Forest & Kim Starr

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Acacia dealbata

silver wattle, mimosa

Variable in height from a large shrub to a medium sized tree reaching 30m. However, in a garden situation it will rarely grow taller than 8-9m. Bipinnate foliage is blue-grey and covered in fine hairs which give the tree a silvery appearance.
Acacia_dealbata.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas.
cultural notesA hardy plant adaptable to a wide range of soils and climates. Prefers a sunny position with good drainage. Fast growing but relatively short lived.
maintenanceHas the potential to become invasive when grown outside its natural range.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonLate Winter and Spring.
flower colourProduces large sprays of pale lemon to golden yellow ball-shaped flowers. The fruit are light brown pods.
foliage colourBipinnate leaves made up of many tiny leaflets are blue-grey and covered in fine hairs giving the tree a silvery appearance.
widthup to 8m
heightup to 30m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesA useful species for disturbed sites as it is fast growing and improves the soil by fixing nitrogen. Good for windbreaks in large areas.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Noodle snacks

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
hedges, screens and windbreaks

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Banksia ericifolia

heath banksia

A dense bushy shrub growing to 5m in height and 4m in width. Narrow linear leaves to 2cm in length and large yellow-orange cylindrical flower spikes to 30cm.
Banksia_ericifolia.jpg
 
originNSW.
cultural notesA very hardy shrub in most climates and soils but requiring good drainage. Grow in full sun or part shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape. Avoid fertilizers high in phosphorus
toleratestolerant of frost, drought, poor soils and salt spray.
flowering seasonAutumn and Winter.
flower colourLarge cylindrical flower spike with hooked styles, yellow-orange in colour.
foliage colourBright to mid green linear leaves to 2cm in length.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesVery hardy, useful as a hedge or screen. Bird attracting.
 
plant image creditspublic domain

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control
farm forestry and agriculture

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Acacia rubida

red stemmed wattle, red leaved wattle

A bushy shrub or small tree with deep red, angular stems and reddish foliage in winter. Bright yellow ball shaped flowers occuring in clusters.
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Qld.
cultural notesVery hardy, a good pioneer species for disturbed sites. Adaptable to most soils, prefers a sunny position.
maintenanceLittle or no maintainence required. Can be pruned after flowering to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought, temporary innundation.
flowering seasonLate Winter and Spring.
flower colourGolden yellow ball shaped flowers occuring in clusters. The fruit are brown pods.
foliage colourNarrow leathery phyllodes are green to blue-green and up to 20cm in length. Juvenile foliage is bipinnate and can often be seen on mature plants.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 9m
plant spacing200cm apart
recommended usesUseful for situations where little or no maintainence is possible i.e. roadsides and median strips. Improves soil by fixing nitrogen. Bird and insect attractant.

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