Provincial Plants and Landscapes home

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
coastal gardens
fire retardant
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
horticultural production

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Banksia marginata

silver Banksia, large banksia

Depending on its habitat, this species can vary in form from a dense shrub 1.8m tall and spreading 4m, to a tree growing to 12m in height. Cream-yellow flower spikes to 9cm long appear in spring summer and autumn.
Banksia_marginata.jpg
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesA hardy plant that requires well drained soils. Prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Some forms will regenerate from a lignotuber after fire, others rely on seed.
maintenanceCan be lightly pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesFrost, drought and salt tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring Summer and Autumn.
flower colourCream-yellow flower spikes up to 9cm long.
foliage colourUpper surface dark green with silvery white undersides. Leaf margins and tips often have small serrations.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 12m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesUseful garden plant particularly in coastal situations. Good as an informal hedge, screen or windbreak.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Noodle snacks

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
butterfly attracting
coastal gardens
fire retardant
hedges, screens and windbreaks
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Allocasuarina cunninghamiana

river she-oak

A medium to large sized tree growing to 35m and spreading 10m. It has dense furrowed grey-brown bark and drooping grey-green needle-like foliage.
 
originNSW, ACT, Qld.
cultural notesNaturally occuring along fresh watercourses and moist swampy areas. This species prefers a sunny position in well drained to damp soil and accepts temporary innundation.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought, damp soils and temporary innundation.
flowering seasonAutumn.
flower colourThe male and female flowers occur on different plants (dioecious). Male flowers are rusty red cylindrical flower spikes at the end of the branchlets. Female flowers are small red and oval in shape. Small fruiting cones are produced on the female plants.
foliage colourThe foliage is made up of grey-green needle like branchlets. The true leaves are reduced to tiny teeth-like scales at regular intervals along the branchlets.
widthup to 10m
heightup to 35m
plant spacing300cm apart
recommended usesA handsome tree for large gardens, parks and as a street tree. This species is allelopathic (suppresses growth beneath it).

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
fire retardant
frost tolerant
groundcovers
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Acacia howittii

sticky wattle

A dense shrub or small tree growing to 8m in height and spreading 3m. It is fast growing and has a graceful weeping habit. Small elliptical phyllodes to 3cm in length have a sticky texture and pale yellow ball-shaped flowers occur in spring.
 
originVic.
cultural notesAn adaptable plant that is very fast growing, even in hard conditions. It naturally occurs in cool moist areas but will adapt to most garden situations. It does not areas with high summer rainfall.
maintenanceResponds well to hard pruning.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourScented, pale yellow ball-shaped flowers held on short peduncles from the phyllode axils. Seed pods are brown and elongated.
foliage colourLight green to dark green phyllodes are up to 3cm in length. They have a sticky texture which is particularly noticable after pruning.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 8m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA very good hedge or screen plant, fast growing and when pruned hard it becomes very dense. A low growing form is available.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bird attracting
bog gardens
clay soils
frost tolerant
verge planting

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Acacia boormanii

snowy river wattle

A rounded bushy shrub growing to 4m in height and 3m in width. Profuse golden-yellow ball-shaped flowers are produced in spring. Grey-green phyllodes are long and narrow. A spectacular plant when in flower.
Acacia_boormanii.jpg
 
originNSW, Vic.
cultural notesAdaptable to a range of climates and soils provided they are free draining. Prefers full sun or light shade.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape and promote bushy growth. A low maintainence plant.
toleratesTolerant of frost and drought.
flowering seasonLate Winter and Spring.
flower colourProfuse bright yellow ball-shaped flowers are borne from the phyllode axils. They are pleasantly scented. Seed pods are brown in colour, to 10cm in length.
foliage colourLong narrow phyllodes are grey-green in colour and grow to 6cm long.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 4m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA very attractive feature plant when in flower.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Danielle Langlois

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

butterfly attracting
kangaroo proof
shady gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Baeckea virgata

twiggy heath myrtle

Likely to become known as Babingtonia bidwillii. A bushy erect shrub growing to 3m in height and width. It has dark green linear leaves and white flowers occuring in clusters in late spring and summer.
 
originQld.
cultural notesPrefers a lightly shaded position in well drained soils.
maintenanceCan be pruned after flowering to maintain shape and encourage new growth.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonLate Spring and Summer.
flower colourProfuse dainty white flowers to 8mm in width and occuring in clusters.
foliage colourDark green linear leaves to 2.5cm in length.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 3m
plant spacing50cm apart
recommended usesA very hardy plant suitable for hedges. Attractive appearance with showy flowers and neat foliage. The leaves can be steeped in water to make an aromatic tea that has a sedative effect.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

coastal gardens

project type

urban and commercial
residential
erosion control

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Acacia longifolia var. sophorae

coast wattle

Variable in form from a small upright tree to 5m in height, to a dense spreading shrub to 4m in width. The latter is typical when grown in coastal conditions. Light green phyllodes grow to 15cm in length and the flowers are golden yellow rods in spring
 
originNSW, Qld, Vic, Tas, SA.
cultural notesA fast growing and hardy plant tolerant of all soils provided they are not waterlogged. At their best in a sunny position.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape and promote a bushy habit.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought, salt and smog.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourGolden yellow rod-shaped flower spikes to 5cm in length arising from the phyllode axils. Seed pods are light brown and often curved.
foliage colourMid to dark green leathery phllodes to 15cm in length.
widthup to 4m
heightup to 5m
plant spacing100cm apart
recommended usesA fast growing hardy species often used in frontline coastal sand dune regeneration. Useful as hedges or windbreaks. Seeds are edible and can be roasted or ground into flour.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
fire retardant

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage

Acacia cultriformis

knife leaf wattle

An erect shrub to 3m in height. A graceful weeping habit with blue-grey triagular shaped foliage and golden yellow ball-shaped flowers in spring.
Acacia_cultriformis.jpg
 
originNSW, Qld.
cultural notesA hardy plant that is happiest in a well drained sunny position.
maintenancePrune as required to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought and poor soils.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourThe flowers occur in small fluffy balls and are yellow-gold in colour. They are sweetly perfumed. Seed pods are brown growing to 7cm in length.
foliage colourSmall, triangular blue-grey phyllodes. The common name Knife leaf wattle is derived from the shape of the foliage.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 3m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA hardy and attractive plant often used in gardens for its blue-grey foliage and yellow flowers.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License KENPEI

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Banksia 'Giant Candles'

banksia 'Giant Candles'

A hybrid of Banksia spiulosa and Banksia ericifolia. It is distinctive for its large orange flower spikes to 40cm in length. A dense shrub growing to 4.5m tall and a similar width branching near to ground level.
Banksia_Giant_Candles.jpg
 
originHybrid species.
cultural notesA tough and vigorous plant that prefers well drained soils in full sun.
maintenanceCan be pruned to maintain shape.
toleratesTolerant of drought, frost and low nutrient soils.
flowering seasonAutumn and Winter
flower colourLarge bronze-orange flower spikes, abundant when grown in full sun.
foliage colourBright to mid green linear foliage.
widthup to 4.5m
heightup to 4.5m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesA hardy and attractive plant useful as an informal hedge or windbreak.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Tatters:)

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness





top ten

bog gardens
clay soils
fire retardant
groundcovers

project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
good drainage

Acacia pravissima

oven's wattle

A tall spreading shrub or small tree growing to 8m. Pendulous branches and small triangular olive green phyllodes to 2cm in length. Clusters of golden yellow ball-shaped flowers appear in spring and summer.
 
originNSW, ACT, Vic.
cultural notesA hardy plant adaptable to most soils provided they are free draining. Prefers an open sunny position.
toleratesFrost and drought tolerant.
flowering seasonSpring and Summer.
flower colourThe flowers are bright yellow and ball-shaped. They occur in long racemes. The seed pods are a dull browny-black.
foliage colourThe foliage is made up of olive green phyllodes, triangular in shape and up to 2cm in length. The tips of the phyllodes develop a gold tinge in winter.
widthup to 3m
heightup to 8m
plant spacing150cm apart
recommended usesThe weeping habit, showy flowers and attractive foliage make this a great feature plant.

plant type

native trees and shrubs


water      hardiness






project type

urban and commercial
residential

soil type and drainage

light - sandy soils
medium - loamy soils
heavy - clay soils
good drainage
reasonable drainage
poor drainage

Acacia elongata

slender wattle, swamp wattle

An erect open shrub growing to 3m in height. Elongata refers to the long narrow phyllodes reaching 130mm in length and about 3mm in width. Yellow ball-shaped flowers occur in the phyllode axils.
Acacia_elongata.jpg
 
originEastern NSW.
cultural notesA very adaptable plant which naturally occurs in a range situations from sandy soils in Eucalypt woodland to saline soils in swamps and along watercourses. At its best in moist soils in full sun or light shade.
toleratesTolerant of frost, drought, salt and short periods of innundation.
flowering seasonSpring.
flower colourGolden yellow, ball shaped flowers on short peduncles from the phyllode axils. Dark brown seed pods.
foliage colourLong narrow phyllodes, mid to dark green.
widthup to 2m
heightup to 3m
plant spacing80cm apart
recommended usesAttractive foliage and flowers make this a good feature plant. Useful in low maintainance gardens.
 
plant image creditsCreative Commons License Bidgee

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